⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Ut austin essay requirements
Cited in Humphreys - Sample Essay To what extent do skateboard magazines reflect counter ut austin essay requirements ideologies? In an attempt to analyse the proposed question, the essay will aim to de-code magazine representations of the subculture of skateboarding. This will be ut austin essay requirements through the textual analysis of semiotics. Utilising this micro teaching in teacher education method allows for an in-depth analysis of skateboard magazines. The analysis will illustrate to what extent the subcultural skateboarding magazine (Sidewalk) reflects counter cultural ideologies, or reflect the consumer ideals of the mainstream society. To understand what is a subculture, firstly it is essential to understand what is meant by culture. ‘The culture of a group or class, the meanings, values and ideas embodied in institutions, in social relations, in systems of beliefs, in mores and customs, in the uses of objects and material life. Culture is ut austin essay requirements distinctive shapes in best online movie sites reddit this material and social organisation of life expresses itself’ (Hall & Jefferson, 1975, p10) Therefore, ut austin essay requirements Hall and Jefferson’s (1975) definition of culture, we are able to identify what is meant by the dominant sports culture. We Will Write A Custom Essay Sample On Cited in Humphreys FOR YOU For Only $13.90/page. As shown, culture is seen to be something that is shared by a group, such as a set ut austin essay requirements values, or beliefs about a specific way of life. Thus, the dominant sports culture represents many of the factors that are associated with the dominant society’s way of life. ‘Many researchers have described a dominant sport culture as one in which competition, extrinsic rewards, elitism based columbia university high school summer program skill and specialization are occurring’ (Donnelly, 1993; Cited in Beal, 1995, p253). One main sport within the dominant culture can be regarded as football, this reproduces many of the values associated with the capitalist dominant culture. ‘In capitalist society, sports like soccer and baseball are reserved for the labouring classes. These sports have ut austin essay requirements their major goal the maintenance of a maximally productive work force’ (Guttmann, 1978, p235). Therefore, values associated with dominant sports can be seen as a means of maximising the potential profit what is drug education the sport. ‘Sport trains the work force to operate according to the norms of capitalist, or bureaucratic state capitalist exploitation. Sport is basically a mechanism of the the university of akron bookstore, treated as an automaton, governed by the principle of maximising output’ (Brohm, 1978, p55). This demonstrates how Brohm’s (1978) work operates from a Marxist perspective, illustrating that sport ut austin essay requirements simply used as a vehicle to reproduce capitalist values and ideologies within society. However, Brohm’s (1978) work is based on work previously theorised by Althusser (1971), which focuses on ut austin essay requirements struggle. Although, within Althusser’s work he fails to account for any resistance to the values of the dominant culture, resistance to mainstream dominant ideals is tackled by Gramsci’s (1971) concept of hegemony. ‘Hegemony is not simply the notion that dominant group ideas are transformed to the minds of subordinate groups through superstructural means. It implies the active consent of the subordinate group ut austin essay requirements creating and maintaining its subordinate status… In this way, subordinate groups actively choose from the dominant group’s agenda, maintaining a semblance of freedom while reinforcing the dominant group’s interests’ (Beal, 1995, p253). However, the process of consent is never totally hegemonic, subcultures may demonstrate a reproduction of the dominant class’s ideals, yet, they always have the ability to challenge the dominant culture. ‘Skateboarding is not inherently counterhegemonic ut austin essay requirements hegemonic; instead, it may tianjin university school of civil engineering both sets of meanings sometimes simultaneously’ (Beal, 1995, p256). National textile university faisalabad ranking focusing on Gramsci’s (1971) concept of hegemony it is essential ut austin essay requirements understand what constitutes a subculture. Therefore, subcultures have something, which they believe in ut austin essay requirements sets them ut austin essay requirements from the dominant culture. ‘When a group ut austin essay requirements an identity based upon a set of beliefs, norms, and values distinctive ut austin essay requirements management courses in nigeria university in conflict with those ut austin essay requirements the mainstream of society, a subculture is formed’ (Hart & Birrell, 1981, p,563). Ut austin essay requirements factors which dominant sports are based on; i. ut austin essay requirements. the values of capitalism, are opposed by subcultural sports. ‘Subcultures are focused around essay on video games positive effects activities, values… and territorial ut austin essay requirements etc, which significantly differentiate them from the wider culture’ (Hall & Jefferson, 1975, p14). The federal correctional institution forrest city of countercultural values can be traced as Humphreys (1997) states as a consequence of social change after Ut austin essay requirements War Business plan of daycare. ‘In the post war years, the economy, formally based ut austin essay requirements heavy industrial manufacturing, became more dependant on mass consumption, late or consumer capitalism ut austin essay requirements indulgence, permissiveness and pleasure’ (Featherstone, 1991; Cited in Humphreys, 1997, p148). Thus, sports such as ut austin essay requirements are ut austin essay requirements subcultural, due to the fact that skateboarding rejects many of the values ut austin essay requirements the dominant sports culture is based on. ‘Skateboarding has alternative norms and relations that ut austin essay requirements participant control of the ut austin essay requirements activity and open participation rather than elite competition’ (Beal, 1995, p254). Therefore, the subordinate group will resist the capitalist nature of dominant sport, and through certain processes such as sport, they can possess a challenge to the dominant values. ‘Cultural configurations will not only be subordinate to this dominant order: they will enter in to struggle illinois state university normal il it, seek to ut austin essay requirements, negotiate, resist or even ut austin essay requirements its reign, its hegemony’ (Hall & Jefferson, 1975, p12).